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california newt

Like other Taricha members, the glands in the skin of the torosa secrete the potent neurotoxin tetrodotoxin, which is hundreds of times more toxic than cyanide. This is the same toxin found in pufferfish and harlequin frogs. Researchers believe that bacteria synthesize tetrodotoxin and the animals that employ the neurotoxin acquire it through consumption of these bacteria. This neurotoxin is so strong that it is enough to kill most vertebrates, including humans.

California newts exist primarily on the California Coastline and in the Sierra Nevada (U.S.) mountains. This is because they prefer less humid climates than the rough skinned newts. During the non-breeding season the newts are land dwelling, preferring ro

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "California Newt".