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morab

In 1857, D. C. Lindsley, a notable horse historian, wrote an essay entitled The Morgan Horse. In the essay, he recommended cross-breeding Morgans with Arabian mares if no pure-blood Morgan mares could be obtained, leading to a cross-breed which became known as the Morab. One of the descendants of these crosses was Golddust, a famous walker and trotting horse who was very successful in the show ring and on the race track. He sired 302 foals, and over 100 Morab horses today can be traced back to him. The next mention of Morgan-Arabian cross-breeds comes in the 1920s. Publisher William Randolph Hearst had an extensive Arabian breeding program and a short-lived, but important, Morgan program, which included a program of breeding Morabs. Hearst is credited with having coined the word "Morab" for crosses between the two breeds. Hearst bred Morabs by crossing his Crabbett-based Arabian stallions to his Morgan mares. Mrs. William Randolph Hearst II said in her book Horses of San Simeon that Hearst, "... found the produce were excellent for work on his California Ranch." "He registered 110 horses in the AMHA, 18 of which were Morabs", she said. Quoted in an early American Morab Horse Association Brochure, "According to A. J. Cooke of the Hearst Corp, Sunical Div. … Hearst bred Morabs in the 1930’s and 1940’s for ranch work … and were desirable for the large, rough, mountainous terrain of the Hearst Ranches."[cite this quote] Another Morab breeding program was developed by the Swenson Brothers near Stamford, Texas on their SMS Ranch. Starting from two Morgan stud colts, seven Morgan brood mares, and three Arabian stallions, their program created several notable Morab horses. Another breeding program, one which was highly influential in the development of the Morab breed, centers on Martha Doyle Fuller of Clovis, California. In 1955, in an attempt to breed a horse that could successfully compete on the open show circuit, Mrs. Fuller developed a Morab breeding program. She had experimented with several horse breeds; however, the Morab was the only one she felt could consistently fill the bill. It was from her breeding program that the first Morab registry was formed. Her son-in-law James founded the American Morab Horse Association, Inc. on July 19, 1973. This first Morab registry was also called ‘Morab Horse Registry of America’, and 'Clovis' for the town she lived in. It issued Gold Seal Certificates to Arabian and Morgan crossed Morabs (Premium Division) and Blue Seal Certificates to those that were approved on conformation with some missing pedigree documentation (Permanent Division). In 1978 they established a 25/75 limit for Morgan/Arabian blood mix.

The Morab is a horse originally created by cross-breeding Arabian and Morgan horses. There is evidence that American Quarter Horses have Morab blood in their early history. Morab horses were first bred in the 1800s. The publisher William Randolph Hearst is credited with coining the term "Morab". The first Morab registry was started in 1976, and has been maintained since 1993 by the International Morab Registry.

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Morab".