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papillon

The History of the Papillon is traced through works of art. The earliest toy spaniels resembling the Papillon are found in Italy. Tiziano Vicelli (Titian) painted these small dogs in many famous paintings including the Venus of Urbino (1542). Other well known artists who included them in paintings are Watteau, Gonzalez Coques, Fragonard and Mignard. In a painting after Largillierre in the Wallace Collection in London, a Papillon is clearly shown in a family portrait of Louis XIV. Papillons are also in paintings of royal families around Europe and paintings of merchant class families. The breed was popular in England, France, and Belgium which are considered counties of origin by the FCI. There are many stories about the Papillon. Marie Antoinette was said to have walked to the guillotine clutching her small dog under her arm. Tradition has it that her dog was a small spaniel that had been brought to the French court from Spain on the back of pack mules. According to the story, her pup was spared and cared for in a building in Paris still called the Papillon House. Marie's small spaniel was said to have descended from a very old drop-eared breed known as the Epagneul Nain Continental, or Continental Dwarf/Toy Spaniel that appeared in church frescos and paintings as early as the 13th century. The Papillon is still officially referred to as the Epagneul Nain Continental (ENC) in non-English-speaking countries. The name Squirrel Spaniel also has been used, most likely referring to an earlier standard in which the tail set is described as "curling over the back as a squirrel's." One version of the history of the two varieties of ear shape in the ENC ("Papillon" to denote the erect ear and "Phalène" to denote the dropped ear) is that toward the end of the 19th century, breed fanciers bred a version of the spaniel whose ears stood up. This dog was said to have been nicknamed papillon based on the impressively large, erect ears that resembled the wings of a butterfly. The drop-eared variety of the breed came to be called the Phalène (which means "night moth"). Both types are still bred today and appear in the same litter. The Papillon variety is much more common, although recently the Phalène has undergone a resurgence in popularity. Professor Ludvic von Schulmuth studied canine origins by studying the skeletal remains of dogs found in human settlements as long as ten thousand years ago. The Professor created a genealogical tree of Tibetan dogs that shows the "Gobi Desert Kitchen Midden Dog", a scavenger, evolved into the "Small Soft-Coated Drop-Eared Hunting Dog". From this dog evolved the Tibetan Spaniel, Pekingese, and Japanese Chin. Another branch coming down from the "Kitchen Midden Dog" gave rise to the Papillon and Long-haired Chihuahua and yet another "Kitchen Midden Dog" branch to the Pug and Shih Tzu.It is very cute

The Papillon is a small dog breed with distinctive large, fringed ears that earned it its name, the French word for butterfly. The Papillon is believed to be one of the oldest of the toy breeds. Though known to be reserved with strangers, these dogs can also be protective of a human family member, and are good alarm dogs while still affectionate to those they know. Papillons are very athletic, enjoying running or chasing, but usually enjoy staying indoors.

pets

If you're a fan of the papillon then check out the papillons below. view all pets >>>

  • Dani
    Dani

    Age: 10Y Sex: F

    United States

  • Genko
    Genko

    Age: 12Y Sex: M

    Canada

  • Wicket
    Wicket

    Age: 6Y Sex: M

    United States

  • Rosie
    Rosie

    Age: 7Y Sex: F

    United States

  • Tink
    Tink

    Age: 11Y Sex: F

    United States

  • Jazz
    Jazz

    Age: 10Y Sex: M

    Canada

  • Max
    Max

    Age: 5Y Sex: M

    United States

  • Napoleon
    Napoleon

    Age: 8Y Sex: M

    United States

  • Deb
    Deb

    Age: 7Y Sex: F

    United States

  • Lucy
    Lucy

    Age: 8Y Sex: F

    United States

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pictures

View the many papillon pictures our community has added and feel free to leave a personal comment on photos within our papillon gallery letting the owner know you stopped by. view all pictures >>>

videos

Watching the papillon in action can be an interesting experience. The papillon videos below will be sure to tickle your funny bone and leave you wanting more. view all videos >>>

owners

Below is a list of a couple of papillon owners. Our community of owners has pictures, videos, blogs and more and we invite you to explore them all. view all owners >>>

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blogs

What does a papillon think about on a daily basis? Well, check out the papillon blogs below and find out. view all blogs >>>



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Papillon".